Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.
This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery.
Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope.
This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.
The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include:
a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time
less pain and bleeding after the operation
When laparoscopy is used
Laparoscopy can be used to help diagnose a wide range of conditions that develop inside the abdomen or pelvis. It can also be used to carry out surgical procedures, such as removing a damaged or diseased organ, or removing a tissue sample for further testing (BIOPSY)
Laparoscopy is most commonly used in:
gynaecology – the study and treatment of conditions affecting the female reproductive system
gastroenterology – the study and treatment of conditions affecting the digestive system
urology – the study and treatment of conditions affecting the urinary system